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小学生英语知识点:形容词(2)

2016-06-17 10:29

来源:新东方网整理

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  形容词(2)

  1. 限定用法:形容词紧靠着〔代)名词,直接修饰该〔代)名词。

  (1) 前位修饰:

  (A) 字尾为en或表比较的形容词,大多只能作限定用法,放在名词的前面。

  a wooden leg; earthen ware; his elder sister; the upper room, etc.

  (B) 下列这些形容词只有限定用法,没有叙述用法。

  upper; former; latter; outer; inner; utmost; mere; only; utter; main; certain; very; live; spare;

  (C) 形容词前有so; no; too; how等字时,不定冠词应放在形容词之后。

  He could not do it in so short a time.

  He is no less remarkable a man than his elder brother (is).

  (2) 后位修饰:

  (A) 名词之后的数词+名词+old; long; high; wide; deep; etc.

  a man eighty-five years old; a river two hundred miles long;

  (B) 为加强语气或音调美,而将限定形容词放在后面。

  He had a face thin and worn, but eager and resolute.

  (C) something; anything; everyone; anybody... + 形容词。

  I‘ll tell you something very important.

  That’s nothing new.

  D) 由形容词子句省略主词和动词而不的过去(或现在)分词或形容词片语。

  I have answered all the letters (which were) received (by me).

  Alfred was a king anxious for his people‘s welfare.

  2. 叙述用法:形容词作补语,间接地修饰〔代)名词。

  He was awake all the night. 〔主词补语)

  The noise kept me awake. 〔受词补语)

  注:可作限定用法和叙述用法的形容词。

  I have many trustworthy friends. 和 All of my friends are trustworthy.

  It was a hot and sultry day. 和 The weather became hot and sultry.

  3. 作补语的形容词:

  (1) be+形容词+介系词:由此结合而成的片语,有些等于及物动词。

  I am fond of skiing. = I like skiing.

  He is afraid of it. = He fears it.

  注:其他如:be capable of; be concerned with; be (un)familiar with (to); be late for; be subject to; be worthy of; etc.

  (2) 某些已转化为形容词的过去分词,其后通常接at; about; with; in; of等介词。

  John is interested in English grammar.

  He was surprised at her behaviour.

  (3) be+形容词+介系词:可接〔代)名词,动名词,或名词子句,但名词子句若是that子句须省略介词,因that子句不可直接作介词的受词。

  She was not aware of the facts.

  She was not aware (of) how much her husband earned.

  She was not aware that there is danger.

  (4) It+ be +形容词+that子句

  It is true that she never came.

  此类形容词有:certain; likely; obvious; plain; possible; true; etc.

  (A) that子句中的假设法。

  It is appropriate that he (should) get the post. (should可省略〕

  (B) 人称形容词亦可接其他连接词引导的子句。

  I’m not sure why he came.

  I‘m not clear where she went.

  4. 有关worth; worth while; worthy的句型 如下:

  (A) 主词(含it) + be worth + (动)名词

  (B) It(虚主词) + be worth while + 不定词或动名词

  (C) 主词 + be worthy + of + (动)名词

  主词 + be worthy + 不定词

  his book is worth reading. (= It is worth while to read this book. = This book is worthy of reading. = This book is worthy to be read.)

  5. like和as: like只能作介词不能作连接词; as则两者都可。

  I hoped to succeed as you have (succeeded).

  I hoped to succeed like you.

  I hope to succeed *like you have. (like作连词是非正式的用法)

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